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Rosacea: Types, Causes, Remedies

rosacea

 

Rosacea can affect anyone. But it's most common in middle-aged women who have light skin.

In most cases, rosacea only affects the face. 

Signs and symptoms of rosacea include:

Facial redness.

Swollen, red bumps.

Eye problems.

Enlarged nose.

Risk factors

Anyone can develop rosacea. But you may be more likely to develop it if you:

  • Are female
  • Have light skin, particularly if it has been damaged by the sun
  • Are over age 30
  • Smoke
  • Have a family history of rosacea

Types of rosacea

There are four subtypes of rosacea. Each subtype has its own set of symptoms. It is possible to have more than one subtype of rosacea at a time. The four types of rosacea are:

  • Subtype one, known as erythematotelangiectatic rosacea (ETR), is associated with facial redness, flushing, and visible blood vessels.
  • Subtype two, papulopustular (or acne) rosacea, is associated with acne-like breakouts, and often affects middle-aged women.
  • Subtype three, known as rhinophyma, is a rare form associated with thickening of the skin on your nose. It usually affects men and is often accompanied by another subtype of rosacea.
  • Subtype four is known as ocular rosacea, and its symptoms are centered on the eye area.

Some things that often trigger rosacea are:

  • Sunlight
  • Hot or cold temperatures
  • Stress
  • Hot baths
  • Hot or spicy foods
  • Alcohol
  • Intense exercise
  • Medicines such as blood pressure drugs or steroids you put on your skin

Medications

You may need to try different options or a combination of drugs to find a treatment that works for you.

Prescription drugs for rosacea include:

Oral acne drug 

Oral antibiotics.

Topical drugs that reduce redness.

Therapies

Laser therapy and other light-based therapies may help reduce the redness of enlarged blood vessels. Repeat treatments may be needed periodically to maintain the improved appearance of your skin.